Guide to LED lighting
Light emitting diodes or LED lighting must be the best lighting so far since it saves energy and a very smart solution compared to the other methods of illumination that you can find in the market today.
In LED lighting, diodes are used using DC circuits to emit light that extends battery life that is used for flashlights and other light emitting gadgets like cellphones, and other. Then it found its way to headlights of vehicles by using a specially designed reflector to intensify the brightness and length of coverage while maintain its efficiency. Today, it is now possible to run LED lighting from an AC supply that offers several advantages. So what once are usually considered to be for DC devices operating from a few volts (of direct current) can now be used for a more robust application that requires the same amount of voltage – like those linear strip-lightning systems around the outside of a building stretching for one hundred meters. Since DC drives suffer power loss over distance it then brings a different consideration. So then it would require the use of a higher drive voltage once the voltages start to drop and so additional regulators need to be used to maintain the voltage. With alternating current of AC, this is not necessary since it is able to maintain the voltage despite the distances. This has always been the problem with DC power and the reason why it is not being used to transmit power across our streets and cities.
In order to operate your LED lights today, you run your LED lighting from an AC supply which is converted to DC power. And there are several applications for this. Many stand-alone fixtures simply have a transformer between the wall socket and the fixture to provide the required DC voltage. LED light bulbs today can be screwed directly into a standard socket and these contain miniature circuits that convert AC to DC before being delivered to the LEDs. The problem with these types is that its upfront cost are quite costly. Despite the high upfront cost you can expect a remarkable decrease in your power bill in the long run.
Another early form is what is called the ‘Christmas tree light’ approach. In this approach multiple LED lights are connected in series so that voltage drop across the whole siring equal the supply voltage.
There are now attempts at developing true AC LEDs but this will be a big leap in technology that can be seen as an upgrade from analog to digital. And the advantages versus conventional lighting are so huge and of major benefit to both the user of this technology as well as our planet.